Fusing non-authoritative data to improve situational awareness in emergencies

Christopher E. Oxendine, Emily Schnebele, Guido Cervone, Nigel Waters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to coordinate emergency operations and evacuations, it is vital to accurately assess damage to people, property, and the environment. For decades remote sensing has been used to observe the Earth from air, space and ground based sensors. These sensors collect massive amounts of dynamic and geographically distributed spatiotemporal data every day. However, despite the immense quantity of data available, gaps are often present due to the specific limitations of the sensors or their carrier platforms. This article illustrates how nonauthoritative data such as social media, news, tweets, and mobile phone data can be used to fill in these gaps. Two case studies are presented which employ non-authoritative data to fill in the gaps for improved situational awareness during damage assessments and emergency evacuations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings - 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management
PublisherThe Pennsylvania State University
Pages762-766
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780692211946
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2014 - University Park, PA, United States
Duration: May 1 2014May 1 2014

Publication series

NameISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings - 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management

Other

Other11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, ISCRAM 2014
CountryUnited States
CityUniversity Park, PA
Period5/1/145/1/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems

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  • Cite this

    Oxendine, C. E., Schnebele, E., Cervone, G., & Waters, N. (2014). Fusing non-authoritative data to improve situational awareness in emergencies. In ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings - 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (pp. 762-766). (ISCRAM 2014 Conference Proceedings - 11th International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management). The Pennsylvania State University.