G-protein complex mutants are hypersensitive to abscisic acid regulation of germination and postgermination development

Sona Pandey, Jin Gui Chen, Alan M. Jones, Sarah Mary Assmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abscisic acid (ABA) plays regulatory roles in a host of physiological processes throughout plant growth and development. Seed germination, early seedling development, stomatal guard cell functions, and acclimation to adverse environmental conditions are key processes regulated by ABA. Recent evidence suggests that signaling processes in both seeds and guard cells involve heterotrimeric G proteins. To assess new roles for the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Gα subunit (GPA1), the Gβ subunit (AGB1), and the candidate G-protein-coupled receptor (GCR1) in ABA signaling during germination and early seedling development, we utilized knockout mutants lacking one or more of these components. Our data show that GPA1, AGB1, and GCR1 each negatively regulates ABA signaling in seed germination and early seedling development. Plants lacking AGB1 have greater ABA hypersensitivity than plants lacking GPA1, suggesting that AGB1 is the predominant regulator of ABA signaling and that GPA1 affects the efficacy of AGB1 execution. GCR1 acts upstream of GPA1 and AGB1 for ABA signaling pathways during germination and early seedling development: gcr1 gpa1 double mutants exhibit a gpa1 phenotype and agb1 gcr1 and agb1 gcr1 gpa1 mutants exhibit an agb1 phenotype. Contrary to the scenario in guard cells, where GCR1 and GPA1 have opposite effects on ABA signaling during stomatal opening, GCR1 acts in concert with GPA1 and AGB1 in ABA signaling during germination and early seedling development. Thus, cell- and tissue-specific functional interaction in response to a given signal such as ABA may determine the distinct pathways regulated by the individual members of the G-protein complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-256
Number of pages14
JournalPlant physiology
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Fingerprint

Abscisic Acid
Germination
G-proteins
GTP-Binding Proteins
abscisic acid
germination
mutants
Seedlings
guard cells
seedlings
Seeds
Arabidopsis
seed germination
Physiological Phenomena
Phenotype
phenotype
Heterotrimeric GTP-Binding Proteins
knockout mutants
Plant Development
Acclimatization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Abscisic acid (ABA) plays regulatory roles in a host of physiological processes throughout plant growth and development. Seed germination, early seedling development, stomatal guard cell functions, and acclimation to adverse environmental conditions are key processes regulated by ABA. Recent evidence suggests that signaling processes in both seeds and guard cells involve heterotrimeric G proteins. To assess new roles for the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) Gα subunit (GPA1), the Gβ subunit (AGB1), and the candidate G-protein-coupled receptor (GCR1) in ABA signaling during germination and early seedling development, we utilized knockout mutants lacking one or more of these components. Our data show that GPA1, AGB1, and GCR1 each negatively regulates ABA signaling in seed germination and early seedling development. Plants lacking AGB1 have greater ABA hypersensitivity than plants lacking GPA1, suggesting that AGB1 is the predominant regulator of ABA signaling and that GPA1 affects the efficacy of AGB1 execution. GCR1 acts upstream of GPA1 and AGB1 for ABA signaling pathways during germination and early seedling development: gcr1 gpa1 double mutants exhibit a gpa1 phenotype and agb1 gcr1 and agb1 gcr1 gpa1 mutants exhibit an agb1 phenotype. Contrary to the scenario in guard cells, where GCR1 and GPA1 have opposite effects on ABA signaling during stomatal opening, GCR1 acts in concert with GPA1 and AGB1 in ABA signaling during germination and early seedling development. Thus, cell- and tissue-specific functional interaction in response to a given signal such as ABA may determine the distinct pathways regulated by the individual members of the G-protein complex.",
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G-protein complex mutants are hypersensitive to abscisic acid regulation of germination and postgermination development. / Pandey, Sona; Chen, Jin Gui; Jones, Alan M.; Assmann, Sarah Mary.

In: Plant physiology, Vol. 141, No. 1, 01.05.2006, p. 243-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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