GaN growth on Si pillar arrays by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

Dongjin Won, Xiaojun Weng, Yu A. Yuwen, Yue Ke, Chito Kendrick, Haoting Shen, Theresa S. Mayer, Joan M. Redwing

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Abstract

GaN growth on high aspect ratio Si micro-pillar arrays prepared by deep reactive ion etching (DRIE) was investigated using Si(111), Si(110), Si(112), and Si(100) substrates. The sidewall roughness of the Si pillars resulting from DRIE was reduced by thermal annealing at 1100°C in H2 for 5 min. Conformal AlN buffer layers were grown at 1100°C on the pillars. In contrast, GaN films grown at 1100°C were always faceted since GaN preferentially nucleated and grew on the Si{1 1 0} and Si{1 1 1} sidewall planes of the Si pillars. The preferential growth lead to unique symmetries for the independent GaN fins depending on pillar orientation. Lateral growth of the GaN fins at 1100°C was enhanced with increasing V/III ratio up to 22710. However, the GaN fins did not coalesce seamlessly. A lower growth temperature of 800°C gave rise to a conformal polycrystalline GaN shell. Post-annealing of the GaN shells at 1100°C in H2 for 15 min after growth at 800°C induced highly textured GaN films although the GaN films became partly faceted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume370
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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