Gas chromatography-pyrolysis-isotope ratio mass spectrometry

A new method for investigating intramolecular isotopic variation in low molecular weight organic acids

Robert F. Dias, Katherine Haines Freeman, Stephen G. Franks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new GC-Pyrolysis-IRMS method was developed for the δ13C determination of carboxyl carbon in low-molecular weight organic acids. By utilizing a palladium-wire reactor at 600 °C with a helium/hydrogen reactant gas, the carboxyl carbon of low-molecular weight organic acids is pyrolytically cleaved and introduced into an IRMS for stable carbon-isotope analysis. The precision of the GC-Py-IRMS method is similar to that of more conventional, combustion-based continuous-flow IRMS techniques and interpretation of isotope-dilution experiments with acetic and octanoic acid shows that the technique is sufficiently accurate for the determination of δ13C values at natural abundance levels. As a demonstration of this new capability, the carboxyl carbon of low-molecular weight (LMW, C2-C6) organic acids generated via hydrous pyrolysis of an oil-prone source rock (the Ghareb Shale) shows δ13C values consistent with the hypothesis that organic acids readily undergo exchange of their carboxyl carbon with aqueous inorganic carbon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-168
Number of pages8
JournalOrganic Geochemistry
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2002

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Organic acids
organic acid
Isotopes
Gas chromatography
pyrolysis
Mass spectrometry
gas chromatography
Pyrolysis
Carbon
mass spectrometry
Molecular weight
isotope
carbon
Carbon Isotopes
inorganic carbon
palladium
Helium
helium
source rock
carbon isotope

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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title = "Gas chromatography-pyrolysis-isotope ratio mass spectrometry: A new method for investigating intramolecular isotopic variation in low molecular weight organic acids",
abstract = "A new GC-Pyrolysis-IRMS method was developed for the δ13C determination of carboxyl carbon in low-molecular weight organic acids. By utilizing a palladium-wire reactor at 600 °C with a helium/hydrogen reactant gas, the carboxyl carbon of low-molecular weight organic acids is pyrolytically cleaved and introduced into an IRMS for stable carbon-isotope analysis. The precision of the GC-Py-IRMS method is similar to that of more conventional, combustion-based continuous-flow IRMS techniques and interpretation of isotope-dilution experiments with acetic and octanoic acid shows that the technique is sufficiently accurate for the determination of δ13C values at natural abundance levels. As a demonstration of this new capability, the carboxyl carbon of low-molecular weight (LMW, C2-C6) organic acids generated via hydrous pyrolysis of an oil-prone source rock (the Ghareb Shale) shows δ13C values consistent with the hypothesis that organic acids readily undergo exchange of their carboxyl carbon with aqueous inorganic carbon.",
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