GASOLINE CONSERVATION: A PROCEDURE FOR MEASURING AND REDUCING THE DRIVING OF COLLEGE STUDENTS

R. M. Foxx, D. F. Hake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study sought to motivate college students to reduce the number of miles they drove each day and thus save gasoline. Students in two psychology classes were divided by class into two groups. The experimental group was offered various combinations of prizes such as cash, a tour of a mental‐health facility, car servicing, and a university parking sticker for reducing driving. The value of the prize received was scaled in terms of per cent reduction in driving. The contrast group received no inducements. The condition in which the experimental group's mileage reduction was reinforced was counterbalanced by two baseline conditions. Several special recording procedures were used to reduce and detect the possibility of subjects altering their odometers, the source of the driving data. Experimental subjects reduced their average daily mileage by 20% relative to the initial baseline; the contrast group did not change. During the one‐month reinforcement condition, the 12 experimental subjects saved some 170 gallons (worth $102) of gasoline. 1977 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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