Bariatric surgery (BAS) may result in adverse outcomes that include appearance of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and/or failure to reach the weight reduction goal. This retrospective study tested the hypothesis that pre-operative gastric emptying (GE) abnormality is responsible for adverse post-surgical outcomes.Pre-operative GE was performed using the standard solid-meal GE scintigraphy (GES) in 111 consecutive patients (105 females and 6 males, mean age 46.2 years, range 20-70 years) who were evaluated for BAS. All underwent BAS - 93 had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and 18 had Roux-en-Y (ReY) gastric bypass. All had short-term (3-6 months) and long-term (up to 54 months) follow-up with review of symptoms, physical, and laboratory examinations. Chi-square analysis was performed. P-value <.05 was considered significant.Of the 111 patients, 83 had normal and 28 had abnormal pre-op GES. Sixty-eight were asymptomatic and 43 were symptomatic prior to surgery. Following surgery, 81 patients were asymptomatic and 30 were symptomatic at long-term follow-up. There was no significant difference between pre-op GE results and post-surgical adverse clinical outcome (p=ns). However, GES results seem to have guided the selection of surgical procedure significantly (P=.008).Pre-operative GE study was not a strong predictor of clinical outcome in BAS. Although, it influenced the type of surgery, as when the GES was abnormal, the patient was more likely to undergo ReY and when GES was normal, they favored LSG. Interestingly, many of our symptomatic patients at 6 months post-op were asymptomatic after long-term follow-up.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes