Gastrointestinal Myoelectrical Activity in Idiopathic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

Mark A. Sullivan, William J. Snape, Stephen A. Matarazzo, Robert J. Petrokubi, Graham Jeffries, Sidney Cohen

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71 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the myoelectrical and motor function of the esophagus, small intestine, colon and anal sphincter in four patients with chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. All patients had aperistalsis of the esophagus, with incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter after swallowing or balloon distension. Duodenal slow-wave frequency was normal at 11.4±0.3 (±S.E.M.) cycles per minute. The patients did not have a normal increase in duodenal spike or motor activity after intestinal distension, but duodenal activity increased after stimulation with intravenous secretin. Colonic slow-wave activities were present at two frequencies, 6.2±0.3 and 3.3±0.1 cycles per minute. Neostigmine administration increased both colonic spike and motor activity normally. These studies suggest that in this disorder, physiologic neural responses to swallowing or intestinal distension are impaired, but the intestinal smooth-muscle slow-wave activity and the spike and motor responses to exogenous neurohormonal stimulation are intact. (N Engl J Med 297:233–238, 1977) Intestinal pseudo-obstruction denotes a clinical syndrome characterized by signs of intestinal obstruction but without a demonstrable organic occlusion of the bowel lumen. Pseudo-obstruction may be seen in various disorders such as scleroderma, myxedema, amyloidosis, hypokalemia or renal failure, or after treatment with anticholinergics or narcotics.1 When no cause is found, the condition is termed chronic idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.2 This disorder usually produces an esophageal motor abnormality in addition to varying degrees of distension of the small and large intestine.3,4 The pathogenesis of this clinical disorder is unknown, but newly developed methods of studying gastrointestinal motor function have not been applied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-238
Number of pages6
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume297
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 4 1977

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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