Gender differences in eating behavior and body weight regulation.

Barbara Jean Rolls, I. C. Fedoroff, J. F. Guthrie

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

204 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gender differences in food intake and selection first appear in adolescence. Men consume more calories than women, and the sexes have different eating styles, which indicate that women have been socialized to eat in a more feminine manner. Women experience more food-related conflict than men do, in that they like fattening foods but perceive that they should not eat them. Pressures to be thin are present in early adolescence, as noted by dieting behavior starting in very young girls. Women experience more dissatisfaction with their body weight and shape than men do. Sociocultural and psychological factors may be important in the etiology of eating disorders, which are much more prevalent in females than in males. Thus, further studies of gender differences in eating behavior will be important for understanding the etiology of eating and body-weight disorders and for designing gender-appropriate treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-142
Number of pages10
JournalHealth psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this