Gender differences in presentation and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia among nursing home residents with moderate to severe dementia

Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Ann Kolanowski, Kimberly VanHaitsma, Marie Boltz, Shijun Zhu, Jeanette Ellis, Liza Behrens, Karen Eshraghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lack of identification and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) can negatively impact female residents. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to explore gender differences in presentation and management of BPSD and quality of interactions between residents and staff. A total of 553 residents from 55 nursing homes were included. Males exhibited more apathy and sexually inappropriate behavior and females exhibited more anxiety and sadness. Anxiety and sexually inappropriate behavior were more likely to be addressed in care plans for males than females. There was no difference in how staff interacted with males or females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Women and Aging
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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