Gender differences in presentation and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms associated with dementia among nursing home residents with moderate to severe dementia

Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Ann Marie Kolanowski, Kimberly VanHaitsma, Marie Boltz, Shijun Zhu, Jeanette Ellis, Liza Behrens, Karen Eshraghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lack of identification and management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) can negatively impact female residents. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to explore gender differences in presentation and management of BPSD and quality of interactions between residents and staff. A total of 553 residents from 55 nursing homes were included. Males exhibited more apathy and sexually inappropriate behavior and females exhibited more anxiety and sadness. Anxiety and sexually inappropriate behavior were more likely to be addressed in care plans for males than females. There was no difference in how staff interacted with males or females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-652
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Women and Aging
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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