Gender, education, and the labour market in Kinshasa

David Shapiro, Mark D. Gough, Roger Bertrand Pongi Nyuba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This paper uses data from a 2004 survey to study the labour market in Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In a context characterized by protracted poor economic performance going back to the mid-1970s and especially severe economic problems in the 1990s, women have become increasingly involved in the labour market and educational attainment of both men and women has increased. The paper examines labour market outcomes, with emphasis on differences by gender and education. Using descriptive and multivariate analyses, we examine labour force participation and labour force status (employed, modern sector; employed, informal sector; unemployed; out of the labour force), first by age and gender and then by education and gender. Our results highlight the difficulties well-educated men and women confront in finding employment in the modern sector, as well as gender differences in favour of males in access to employment in the modern sector.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-508
Number of pages22
JournalEtude de la Population Africaine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography


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