Gendered epidemiology

Sexual equality and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

Laurens Niëns, David Lynn Lowery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. Given that HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is largely spread through heterosexual contact, there is marked variation in levels of gender equity across sub-Saharan African countries, and levels of gender equity are likely to influence both exposure to sexual practices that increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV and the efficacy of prevention programs, we hypothesize that levels of gender equity account for the levels of and changes in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS across sub-Saharan African countries. Methods. We explore this hypothesis by first discussing the role of gender and several other contextual variables in the spread of HIV/AIDS. The resulting model is tested with regression analyses of both the level and change of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan African. Result. We find strong support for our hypothesis. Conclusion. This suggests that further policy attention be given to gender equity in combating HIV/AIDS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1134-1144
Number of pages11
JournalSocial Science Quarterly
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Fingerprint

epidemiology
equality
AIDS
equity
gender
contact
regression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Niëns, Laurens ; Lowery, David Lynn. / Gendered epidemiology : Sexual equality and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Social Science Quarterly. 2009 ; Vol. 90, No. 5. pp. 1134-1144.
@article{2af9e7fd87574110ae78be8253358c1b,
title = "Gendered epidemiology: Sexual equality and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa",
abstract = "Objectives. Given that HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is largely spread through heterosexual contact, there is marked variation in levels of gender equity across sub-Saharan African countries, and levels of gender equity are likely to influence both exposure to sexual practices that increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV and the efficacy of prevention programs, we hypothesize that levels of gender equity account for the levels of and changes in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS across sub-Saharan African countries. Methods. We explore this hypothesis by first discussing the role of gender and several other contextual variables in the spread of HIV/AIDS. The resulting model is tested with regression analyses of both the level and change of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan African. Result. We find strong support for our hypothesis. Conclusion. This suggests that further policy attention be given to gender equity in combating HIV/AIDS.",
author = "Laurens Ni{\"e}ns and Lowery, {David Lynn}",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1540-6237.2009.00650.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "90",
pages = "1134--1144",
journal = "Social Science Quarterly",
issn = "0038-4941",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

Gendered epidemiology : Sexual equality and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. / Niëns, Laurens; Lowery, David Lynn.

In: Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 90, No. 5, 01.12.2009, p. 1134-1144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gendered epidemiology

T2 - Sexual equality and the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

AU - Niëns, Laurens

AU - Lowery, David Lynn

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - Objectives. Given that HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is largely spread through heterosexual contact, there is marked variation in levels of gender equity across sub-Saharan African countries, and levels of gender equity are likely to influence both exposure to sexual practices that increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV and the efficacy of prevention programs, we hypothesize that levels of gender equity account for the levels of and changes in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS across sub-Saharan African countries. Methods. We explore this hypothesis by first discussing the role of gender and several other contextual variables in the spread of HIV/AIDS. The resulting model is tested with regression analyses of both the level and change of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan African. Result. We find strong support for our hypothesis. Conclusion. This suggests that further policy attention be given to gender equity in combating HIV/AIDS.

AB - Objectives. Given that HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is largely spread through heterosexual contact, there is marked variation in levels of gender equity across sub-Saharan African countries, and levels of gender equity are likely to influence both exposure to sexual practices that increase the likelihood of exposure to HIV and the efficacy of prevention programs, we hypothesize that levels of gender equity account for the levels of and changes in the prevalence of HIV/AIDS across sub-Saharan African countries. Methods. We explore this hypothesis by first discussing the role of gender and several other contextual variables in the spread of HIV/AIDS. The resulting model is tested with regression analyses of both the level and change of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan African. Result. We find strong support for our hypothesis. Conclusion. This suggests that further policy attention be given to gender equity in combating HIV/AIDS.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350166760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350166760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2009.00650.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2009.00650.x

M3 - Article

VL - 90

SP - 1134

EP - 1144

JO - Social Science Quarterly

JF - Social Science Quarterly

SN - 0038-4941

IS - 5

ER -