Gendering agricultural aid: An analysis of whether international development assistance targets women and gender

Elizabeth Ransom, Carmen Bain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations


Gender-based inequalities constrain women s ability to participate in efforts to enhance agricultural production and reduce poverty and food insecurity. To resolve this, development organizations have targeted women and more recently "mainstreamed" gender within their agricultural aid programs. Through an analysis of agricultural-related development aid, we examine whether funded agricultural projects have increasingly targeted women and/or gender. Our results show that the number of agricultural aid projects and the dollar amounts targeting women/gender increased between 1978 and 2003. However, the increase was modest and, as a percentage of all agricultural development aid, has declined since the late 1990s. Significantly, this decline occurs at a time when there are an increasing number of women engaged in agriculture. Our findings suggest that the rhetoric of gender mainstreaming outstrips efforts to develop projects aimed at women and gender inequality and that the concept may be being used to legitimize a decline in focusing explicitly on women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-74
Number of pages27
JournalGender and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gender Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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