DNA microarray techniques were used to compare gene expression in an adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-producing human small cell lung carcinoma line (DMS-79) with six other small cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines that do not produce ACTH. Twelve genes were expressed at more than five-fold higher levels in DMS-79 cells. Two transcription factors were the genes that exhibited the most remarkable over-expression: T-box 3 mRNA was detected at levels 19.31±3.78 times those observed in the SCLCs. Thyroid transcription factor (TTF-1, T/ebp, Nkx2.1) was expressed at 14.24±3.41-fold higher in DMS-79 cells. Seven genes were identified whose expression levels were at least five-fold lower in the ACTH-producing cell line. Variation in culture medium formulation did not significantly affect the gene expression profile of DMS-79 cells and expression data observed in microarray experiments were corroborated by northern blot analysis of RNA from the same cell lines. These experiments reveal new candidate genes that could be involved in the dysregulation of POMC gene expression manifested by ACTH-producing nonpituitary tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism