Gene expression profiling in winged and wingless cotton aphids, aphis gossypii (hemiptera: Aphididae)

Xiaowei Yang, Xiaoxia Liu, Xiangli Xu, Zhen Li, Yisong Li, Dongyan Song, Tian Yu, Fang Zhu, Qingwen Zhang, Xuguo Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

While trade-offs between flight capability and reproduction is a common phenomenon in wing dimorphic insects, the molecular basis is largely unknown. In this study, we examined the transcriptomic differences between winged and wingless morphs of cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii, using a tag-based digital gene expression (DGE) approach. Ultra high-throughput Illumina sequencing generated 5.30 and 5.39 million raw tags, respectively, from winged and wingless A. gossypii DGE libraries. We identified 1,663 differentially expressed transcripts, among which 58 were highly expressed in the winged A. gossypii, whereas 1,605 expressed significantly higher in the wingless morphs. Bioinformatics tools, including Gene Ontology, Cluster of Orthologous Groups, eu- Karyotic Orthologous Groups and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways, were used to functionally annotate these transcripts. In addition, 20 differentially expressed transcripts detected by DGE were validated by the quantitative real-time PCR. Comparative transcriptomic analysis of sedentary (wingless) and migratory (winged) A. gossyii not only advances our understanding of the trade-offs in wing dimorphic insects, but also provides a candidate molecular target for the genetic control of this agricultural insect pest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-267
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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