A coherent ultrawideband (UWB) random noise radar system has been developed and field tested at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL). A heterodyne correlation technique based on a time-delayed and frequency-shifted replica of the transmit waveform is used to inject coherence within this system. The radar's combined range and range rate resolution characteristics were investigated using the generalised wideband ambiguity function. As in the narrowband random noise waveform case, range and range rate resolutions can be controlled independently, the former being inversely related to the transmit bandwidth, while the latter is inversely related to the bandwidth of the integrating filter. It is also shown that UWB waveforms are not suitable for accurate range rate estimation due to the extended Doppler-spread parameter, i.e. the product of the transmit bandwidth and the target range rate, unless the correlator is matched in the delay rate as well.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Networks and Communications