Generalizing Nigrescence Profiles: Cluster Analyses of Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS) Scores in Three Independent Samples

Frank C. Worrell, Beverly J. Vandiver, Barbara A. Schaefer, William E. Cross, Peony E. Fhagen-Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

The two studies in this article examine the interpretability and generalizability of nigrescence profiles based on Cross Racial Identity Scale scores across different educational contexts. Study 1 participants (N = 333) came from a predominantly White institution (PWI) and were grouped into six clusters labeled Afrocentric, multiculturalist, assimilated, immersion, low race salience, and miseducated variant. The two samples in Study 2 consisted of students from PWIs (N = 314) and from historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs;N = 306), respectively. Both PWI and HBCU participants were grouped into five clusters. Four of the six original clusters (assimilated, immersion, low race salience, and miseducated variant) replicated in both samples, and one (multiculturalists) replicated only in the PWI sample. The results indicate that there are generalizable racial identity profiles in the Black population. The authors discuss the implications of the findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-547
Number of pages29
JournalThe Counseling Psychologist
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Generalizing Nigrescence Profiles: Cluster Analyses of Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS) Scores in Three Independent Samples'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this