Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon

Christopher L. Burket, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Andrew P. Marencic, Krishna Dronvajjala, Henry C. Foley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pyrolysis of polyfurfuryl alcohol was studied up to 600 °C. Micropores appear in the carbon as early as 300 °C along with a significant amount of mesopores. As the pyrolysis temperature is increased, microporosity is retained, but the mesoporosity disappears. At 600 °C the material is microporous with a monodisperse pore size distribution centered at 4-5 Å. Infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies, in combination with thermogravimetric analysis provide evidence that between 300 and 400 °C, both polyaromatic domains decorated with hydrogen and oxygen (hetero) atoms and partially decomposed polymer chains coexist. The unreacted polymer and heteroatoms induce mesoporosity by buffering the micropores created by polyaromatic domains. Raising the pyrolysis above 400 °C releases the buffering material, thereby collapsing the mesopores.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2957-2963
Number of pages7
JournalCarbon
Volume44
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Fingerprint

Pyrolysis
Alcohols
Carbon
Porosity
Polymers
Microporous materials
Microporosity
Photoelectrons
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Pore size
Thermogravimetric analysis
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Infrared radiation
X rays
Atoms
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Burket, C. L., Rajagopalan, R., Marencic, A. P., Dronvajjala, K., & Foley, H. C. (2006). Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon. Carbon, 44(14), 2957-2963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2006.05.029
Burket, Christopher L. ; Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan ; Marencic, Andrew P. ; Dronvajjala, Krishna ; Foley, Henry C. / Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon. In: Carbon. 2006 ; Vol. 44, No. 14. pp. 2957-2963.
@article{48fb32a2af774c2f9172857d164762eb,
title = "Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon",
abstract = "The pyrolysis of polyfurfuryl alcohol was studied up to 600 °C. Micropores appear in the carbon as early as 300 °C along with a significant amount of mesopores. As the pyrolysis temperature is increased, microporosity is retained, but the mesoporosity disappears. At 600 °C the material is microporous with a monodisperse pore size distribution centered at 4-5 {\AA}. Infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies, in combination with thermogravimetric analysis provide evidence that between 300 and 400 °C, both polyaromatic domains decorated with hydrogen and oxygen (hetero) atoms and partially decomposed polymer chains coexist. The unreacted polymer and heteroatoms induce mesoporosity by buffering the micropores created by polyaromatic domains. Raising the pyrolysis above 400 °C releases the buffering material, thereby collapsing the mesopores.",
author = "Burket, {Christopher L.} and Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan and Marencic, {Andrew P.} and Krishna Dronvajjala and Foley, {Henry C.}",
year = "2006",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.carbon.2006.05.029",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "44",
pages = "2957--2963",
journal = "Carbon",
issn = "0008-6223",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "14",

}

Burket, CL, Rajagopalan, R, Marencic, AP, Dronvajjala, K & Foley, HC 2006, 'Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon', Carbon, vol. 44, no. 14, pp. 2957-2963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2006.05.029

Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon. / Burket, Christopher L.; Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan; Marencic, Andrew P.; Dronvajjala, Krishna; Foley, Henry C.

In: Carbon, Vol. 44, No. 14, 01.01.2006, p. 2957-2963.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genesis of porosity in polyfurfuryl alcohol derived nanoporous carbon

AU - Burket, Christopher L.

AU - Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan

AU - Marencic, Andrew P.

AU - Dronvajjala, Krishna

AU - Foley, Henry C.

PY - 2006/1/1

Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - The pyrolysis of polyfurfuryl alcohol was studied up to 600 °C. Micropores appear in the carbon as early as 300 °C along with a significant amount of mesopores. As the pyrolysis temperature is increased, microporosity is retained, but the mesoporosity disappears. At 600 °C the material is microporous with a monodisperse pore size distribution centered at 4-5 Å. Infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies, in combination with thermogravimetric analysis provide evidence that between 300 and 400 °C, both polyaromatic domains decorated with hydrogen and oxygen (hetero) atoms and partially decomposed polymer chains coexist. The unreacted polymer and heteroatoms induce mesoporosity by buffering the micropores created by polyaromatic domains. Raising the pyrolysis above 400 °C releases the buffering material, thereby collapsing the mesopores.

AB - The pyrolysis of polyfurfuryl alcohol was studied up to 600 °C. Micropores appear in the carbon as early as 300 °C along with a significant amount of mesopores. As the pyrolysis temperature is increased, microporosity is retained, but the mesoporosity disappears. At 600 °C the material is microporous with a monodisperse pore size distribution centered at 4-5 Å. Infrared, X-ray photoelectron, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies, in combination with thermogravimetric analysis provide evidence that between 300 and 400 °C, both polyaromatic domains decorated with hydrogen and oxygen (hetero) atoms and partially decomposed polymer chains coexist. The unreacted polymer and heteroatoms induce mesoporosity by buffering the micropores created by polyaromatic domains. Raising the pyrolysis above 400 °C releases the buffering material, thereby collapsing the mesopores.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33748779845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33748779845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.carbon.2006.05.029

DO - 10.1016/j.carbon.2006.05.029

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33748779845

VL - 44

SP - 2957

EP - 2963

JO - Carbon

JF - Carbon

SN - 0008-6223

IS - 14

ER -