Two herbicide-resistant strains of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 are compared to the wild-type with respect to the DNA changes which result in herbicide resstance. The mutations have previously been mapped to a region of the cyanobacterial genome which encodes oneof three copies of psbA, the gene which encodes the 32 kDa Qb-binding protein also known as D1 (Buzby et al. 1987). The DNA sequence of the wild-type gene was first determined and used as a comparison to that of the mutant alleles. A point mutation at codon 211 in the psbA1 coding locus (T TC) to T CC) results in an amino acid change from phenylalanine to serine in the D1 protein. This mutation confers resistance to atrazine and diuron at seven times and at two times the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) for the wild-type, respectively. A mutation at codon 211 resulting in herbicide resistance has not previously been described in the literature. A second point mutation at codon 219 in the psbA1 coding locus (GTA to ATA) results in an amino acid change from valine to isoleucine in the D1 protein. This mutation confers resistance to diuron and atrazine at ten times and at two times the MIC for the wild-type, respectively. An identical codon change conferring similar herbicide resistance patterns has previously been described in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The atrazine-resistance phenotype in Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 was shown to be dominant by plasmid segregation analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology