Genetic and molecular analysis of an allelic series of cop1 mutants suggests functional roles for the multiple protein domains

Timothy W. McNells, Albrecht G. Von Arnim, Takashi Araki, Yoshibumi Komeda, Simon Miséra, Xing Wang Deng

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333 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Arabidopsis protein COP1, encoded by the CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC locus 1, is an essential regulatory molecule that plays a role in the repression of photomorphogenic development in darkness and in the ability of light-grown plants to respond to photoperiod, end-of-day far-red treatment, and ratio of red/far-red light. The COP1 protein contains three recognizable structural domains: starting from the N terminus, they are the zinc binding motif, the putative coiled-coil region, and the domain with multiple WD-40 repeats homologous to the β subunit of trimeric G-proteins (Gβ). To understand the functional implications of these structural motifs, 17 recessive mutations of the COP1 gene have been isolated based on their constitutive photomorphogenic seedling development in darkness. These mutations define three phenotypic classes: weak, strong, and lethal. The mutations that fall into the lethal class are possible null mutations of COP1. Molecular analysis of the nine mutant alleles that accumulated mutated forms of COP1 protein revealed that disruption of the Gβ-protein homology domain or removal of the very C-terminal 56 amino acids are both deleterious to COP1 function. In-frame deletions or insertions of short amino acid stretches between the putative coiled-coil and Gβ-protein homology domains strongly compromised COP1 function. However, a mutation resulting in a COP1 protein with only the N-terminal 282 amino acids, including both the zinc binding and the coiled-coil domains, produced a weak phenotypic defect. These results indicated that the N-terminal half of COP1 alone retains some activity and a disrupted C-terminal domain masks this remaining activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-500
Number of pages14
JournalPlant Cell
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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