Genetic and molecular evidence that the Pseudomonas syringae type III effector protein AvrRpt2 is a cysteine protease

Michael J. Axtell, Stephen T. Chisholm, Douglas Dahlbeck, Brian J. Staskawicz

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171 Scopus citations

Abstract

Upon delivery to the plant cell during infection, the Pseudomonas syringae effector protein AvrRpt2 undergoes proteolytic processing, enhances pathogen virulence and causes the elimination of the Arabidopsis RIN4 protein. A structure-prediction method was employed in order to investigate possible biochemical functions of AvrRpt2. Results of a secondary structure prediction algorithm suggest that the functional C-terminal portion of AvrRpt2 is a cysteine protease. Mutation of predicted catalytic residues within this portion of AvrRpt2 abolished in planta processing, elimination of Arabidopsis RIN4, and the ability to trigger an RPS2-specific resistance response. These data indicate that AvrRpt2 is most likely a sequence divergent cysteine protease whose activity is required for elimination of RIN4 during infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1537-1546
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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