Genetic Influences Can Protect Against Unresponsive Parenting in the Prediction of Child Social Competence

Mark J. Van Ryzin, Leslie D. Leve, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Daniel S. Shaw, Misaki N. Natsuaki, David Reiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although social competence in children has been linked to the quality of parenting, prior research has typically not accounted for genetic similarities between parents and children, or for interactions between environmental (i.e., parental) and genetic influences. In this article, the possibility of a Gene x Environment (G × E) interaction in the prediction of social competence in school-age children is evaluated. Using a longitudinal, multimethod data set from a sample of children adopted at birth (N = 361), a significant interaction was found between birth parent sociability and sensitive, responsive adoptive parenting when predicting child social competence at school entry (age 6), even when controlling for potential confounds. An analysis of the interaction revealed that genetic strengths can buffer the effects of unresponsive parenting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-680
Number of pages14
JournalChild development
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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