Genetic vulnerability interacts with parenting and early care and education to predict increasing externalizing behavior

Shannon T. Lipscomb, Heidemarie Laurent, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Daniel S. Shaw, Misaki N. Natsuaki, David Reiss, Leslie D. Leve

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study examined interactions among genetic influences and children's early environments on the development of externalizing behaviors from 18 months to 6 years of age. Participants included 233 families linked through adoption (birth parents and adoptive families). Genetic influences were assessed by birth parent temperamental regulation. Early environments included both family (overreactive parenting) and out-of-home factors (center-based Early Care and Education; ECE). Overreactive parenting predicted more child externalizing behaviors. Attending center-based ECE was associated with increasing externalizing behaviors only for children with genetic liability for dysregulation. Additionally, children who were at risk for externalizing behaviors due to both genetic variability and exposure to center-based ECE were more sensitive to the effects of overreactive parenting on externalizing behavior than other children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-80
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Development
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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