Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1

Junfen Xu, Habin Liu, Yanqin Yang, Xiaohong Wang, Poching Liu, Yang Li, Craig Meyers, Nilam Sanjib Banerjee, Hsu Kun Wang, Maggie Cam, Weiguo Lu, Louise T. Chow, Xing Xie, Jun Zhu, Zhi Ming Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) control mRNA processing, stability, transport, editing, and translation. We recently conducted transcriptome analyses comparing normal (i.e., healthy) cervical tissue samples with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer tissue samples and identified 614 differentially expressed protein-coding transcripts which are enriched in cancer-related pathways and consist of 95 known RBPs. We verified the altered expression of 26 genes with a cohort of 72 cervical samples, including 24 normal cervical samples, 25 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) and CIN3 samples, and 23 cervical cancer tissue samples. LY6K (lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K), FAM83A (family member with sequence similarity 83), CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A were identified as novel candidate genes associated with cervical lesion progression and carcinogenesis. HPV16 or HPV18 infection was found to alter the expression of 8 RBP genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in human vaginal and foreskin keratinocytes. Both viral E6 and E7 decreased NOVA1 expression, but only E7 increased the expression of RNASEH2A in an E2F1-dependent manner. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) directs RNASEH2 activity with respect to DNA replication by removing the RNA primers to promote Okazaki fragment maturation, and two factors are closely associated with neoplasia progression. Therefore, we predict that the induction of expression of RNASEH2A via viral E7 and E2F1 may promote DNA replication and cancer cell proliferation.IMPORTANCE High-risk HPV infections lead to development of cervical cancer. This study identified the differential expression of 16 novel genes (LY6K, FAM83A, CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in HPV-infected cervical tissue samples and keratinocytes. Eight of these genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) encode RNA-binding proteins. Further studies indicated that both HPV16 and HPV18 infections lead to the aberrant expression of selected RBP-encoding genes. We found that viral E6 and E7 decrease NOVA1 expression but that E7 increases RNASEH2A expression via E2F1. The altered expression of these genes may be utilized as biomarkers for high-risk (HR)-HPV carcinogenesis and progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalmBio
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2019

Fingerprint

RNA-Binding Proteins
Genome
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
p16 Genes
DNA Replication
Keratinocytes
Carcinogenesis
Genes
Foreskin
Gene Expression
Neoplasms
Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
Papillomavirus Infections
RNA Stability
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
Gene Expression Profiling
Infection
Biomarkers
Cell Proliferation
Lymphocytes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Virology

Cite this

Xu, Junfen ; Liu, Habin ; Yang, Yanqin ; Wang, Xiaohong ; Liu, Poching ; Li, Yang ; Meyers, Craig ; Banerjee, Nilam Sanjib ; Wang, Hsu Kun ; Cam, Maggie ; Lu, Weiguo ; Chow, Louise T. ; Xie, Xing ; Zhu, Jun ; Zheng, Zhi Ming. / Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1. In: mBio. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. 1.
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title = "Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1",
abstract = "RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) control mRNA processing, stability, transport, editing, and translation. We recently conducted transcriptome analyses comparing normal (i.e., healthy) cervical tissue samples with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer tissue samples and identified 614 differentially expressed protein-coding transcripts which are enriched in cancer-related pathways and consist of 95 known RBPs. We verified the altered expression of 26 genes with a cohort of 72 cervical samples, including 24 normal cervical samples, 25 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) and CIN3 samples, and 23 cervical cancer tissue samples. LY6K (lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K), FAM83A (family member with sequence similarity 83), CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A were identified as novel candidate genes associated with cervical lesion progression and carcinogenesis. HPV16 or HPV18 infection was found to alter the expression of 8 RBP genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in human vaginal and foreskin keratinocytes. Both viral E6 and E7 decreased NOVA1 expression, but only E7 increased the expression of RNASEH2A in an E2F1-dependent manner. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) directs RNASEH2 activity with respect to DNA replication by removing the RNA primers to promote Okazaki fragment maturation, and two factors are closely associated with neoplasia progression. Therefore, we predict that the induction of expression of RNASEH2A via viral E7 and E2F1 may promote DNA replication and cancer cell proliferation.IMPORTANCE High-risk HPV infections lead to development of cervical cancer. This study identified the differential expression of 16 novel genes (LY6K, FAM83A, CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in HPV-infected cervical tissue samples and keratinocytes. Eight of these genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) encode RNA-binding proteins. Further studies indicated that both HPV16 and HPV18 infections lead to the aberrant expression of selected RBP-encoding genes. We found that viral E6 and E7 decrease NOVA1 expression but that E7 increases RNASEH2A expression via E2F1. The altered expression of these genes may be utilized as biomarkers for high-risk (HR)-HPV carcinogenesis and progression.",
author = "Junfen Xu and Habin Liu and Yanqin Yang and Xiaohong Wang and Poching Liu and Yang Li and Craig Meyers and Banerjee, {Nilam Sanjib} and Wang, {Hsu Kun} and Maggie Cam and Weiguo Lu and Chow, {Louise T.} and Xing Xie and Jun Zhu and Zheng, {Zhi Ming}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "29",
doi = "10.1128/mBio.02687-18",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "mBio",
issn = "2161-2129",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "1",

}

Xu, J, Liu, H, Yang, Y, Wang, X, Liu, P, Li, Y, Meyers, C, Banerjee, NS, Wang, HK, Cam, M, Lu, W, Chow, LT, Xie, X, Zhu, J & Zheng, ZM 2019, 'Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1', mBio, vol. 10, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1128/mBio.02687-18

Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1. / Xu, Junfen; Liu, Habin; Yang, Yanqin; Wang, Xiaohong; Liu, Poching; Li, Yang; Meyers, Craig; Banerjee, Nilam Sanjib; Wang, Hsu Kun; Cam, Maggie; Lu, Weiguo; Chow, Louise T.; Xie, Xing; Zhu, Jun; Zheng, Zhi Ming.

In: mBio, Vol. 10, No. 1, 29.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genome-Wide Profiling of Cervical RNA-Binding Proteins Identifies Human Papillomavirus Regulation of RNASEH2A Expression by Viral E7 and E2F1

AU - Xu, Junfen

AU - Liu, Habin

AU - Yang, Yanqin

AU - Wang, Xiaohong

AU - Liu, Poching

AU - Li, Yang

AU - Meyers, Craig

AU - Banerjee, Nilam Sanjib

AU - Wang, Hsu Kun

AU - Cam, Maggie

AU - Lu, Weiguo

AU - Chow, Louise T.

AU - Xie, Xing

AU - Zhu, Jun

AU - Zheng, Zhi Ming

PY - 2019/1/29

Y1 - 2019/1/29

N2 - RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) control mRNA processing, stability, transport, editing, and translation. We recently conducted transcriptome analyses comparing normal (i.e., healthy) cervical tissue samples with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer tissue samples and identified 614 differentially expressed protein-coding transcripts which are enriched in cancer-related pathways and consist of 95 known RBPs. We verified the altered expression of 26 genes with a cohort of 72 cervical samples, including 24 normal cervical samples, 25 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) and CIN3 samples, and 23 cervical cancer tissue samples. LY6K (lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K), FAM83A (family member with sequence similarity 83), CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A were identified as novel candidate genes associated with cervical lesion progression and carcinogenesis. HPV16 or HPV18 infection was found to alter the expression of 8 RBP genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in human vaginal and foreskin keratinocytes. Both viral E6 and E7 decreased NOVA1 expression, but only E7 increased the expression of RNASEH2A in an E2F1-dependent manner. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) directs RNASEH2 activity with respect to DNA replication by removing the RNA primers to promote Okazaki fragment maturation, and two factors are closely associated with neoplasia progression. Therefore, we predict that the induction of expression of RNASEH2A via viral E7 and E2F1 may promote DNA replication and cancer cell proliferation.IMPORTANCE High-risk HPV infections lead to development of cervical cancer. This study identified the differential expression of 16 novel genes (LY6K, FAM83A, CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in HPV-infected cervical tissue samples and keratinocytes. Eight of these genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) encode RNA-binding proteins. Further studies indicated that both HPV16 and HPV18 infections lead to the aberrant expression of selected RBP-encoding genes. We found that viral E6 and E7 decrease NOVA1 expression but that E7 increases RNASEH2A expression via E2F1. The altered expression of these genes may be utilized as biomarkers for high-risk (HR)-HPV carcinogenesis and progression.

AB - RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) control mRNA processing, stability, transport, editing, and translation. We recently conducted transcriptome analyses comparing normal (i.e., healthy) cervical tissue samples with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cervical cancer tissue samples and identified 614 differentially expressed protein-coding transcripts which are enriched in cancer-related pathways and consist of 95 known RBPs. We verified the altered expression of 26 genes with a cohort of 72 cervical samples, including 24 normal cervical samples, 25 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) and CIN3 samples, and 23 cervical cancer tissue samples. LY6K (lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K), FAM83A (family member with sequence similarity 83), CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A were identified as novel candidate genes associated with cervical lesion progression and carcinogenesis. HPV16 or HPV18 infection was found to alter the expression of 8 RBP genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in human vaginal and foreskin keratinocytes. Both viral E6 and E7 decreased NOVA1 expression, but only E7 increased the expression of RNASEH2A in an E2F1-dependent manner. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) directs RNASEH2 activity with respect to DNA replication by removing the RNA primers to promote Okazaki fragment maturation, and two factors are closely associated with neoplasia progression. Therefore, we predict that the induction of expression of RNASEH2A via viral E7 and E2F1 may promote DNA replication and cancer cell proliferation.IMPORTANCE High-risk HPV infections lead to development of cervical cancer. This study identified the differential expression of 16 novel genes (LY6K, FAM83A, CELSR3, ASF1B, IQGAP3, SEMA3F, CLDN10, MSX1, CXCL5, ASRGL1, ELAVL2, GRB7, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) in HPV-infected cervical tissue samples and keratinocytes. Eight of these genes (CDKN2A, ELAVL2, GRB7, HSPB1, KHSRP, NOVA1, PTBP1, and RNASEH2A) encode RNA-binding proteins. Further studies indicated that both HPV16 and HPV18 infections lead to the aberrant expression of selected RBP-encoding genes. We found that viral E6 and E7 decrease NOVA1 expression but that E7 increases RNASEH2A expression via E2F1. The altered expression of these genes may be utilized as biomarkers for high-risk (HR)-HPV carcinogenesis and progression.

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