Here we present genomic and in vitro analyses of temporally separated episodes of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) shedding by an HSV-1-seropositive and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/HSV-2-seronegative individual who has frequent recurrences of genital HSV-1. Using oligonucleotide enrichment, we compared viral genomes from uncultured swab specimens collected on different days and from distinct genital sites. We found that viral genomes from 7 swab specimens and 3 cultured specimens collected over a 4-month period from the same individual were 98.5% identical. We observed a >2-fold difference in the number of minority variants between swab specimens from lesions, swab specimens from nonlesion sites, and cultured specimens. This virus appeared distinct in its phylogenetic relationship to other strains, and it contained novel coding variations in 21 viral proteins. This included a truncation in the UL11 tegument protein, which is involved in viral egress and spread. Normal immune responses were identified, suggesting that unique viral genomic features may contribute to the recurrent genital infection that this participant experiences.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases