Geometrically exact planar beams with initial pre-stress and large curvature: Static configurations, natural frequencies, and mode shapes

Nicholas Vlajic, Timothy Fitzgerald, Vincent Nguyen, Balakumar Balachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within this paper, an analytical formulation is provided and used to determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes of a planar beam with initial pre-stress and large variable curvature. The static configuration, mode shapes, and natural frequencies of the pre-stressed beam are obtained by using geometrically exact, Euler-Bernoulli beam theory. The beam is assumed to be not shear deformable and inextensible because of its slenderness and uniform, closed cross-section, as well as the boundary conditions under consideration. The static configuration and the modal information are validated with experimental data and compared to results obtained from nonlinear finite-element analysis software. In addition to the modal analysis about general static configurations, special consideration is given to an initially straight beam that is deformed into semi-circular and circular static configurations. For these special circular cases, the partial differential equation of motion is reduced to a sixth-order differential equation with constant coefficients, and solutions of this system are examined. This work can serve as a basis for studying slender structures with large curvatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3361-3371
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Volume51
Issue number19-20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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