Ghrelin increases vagally mediated gastric activity by central sites of action

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Vagally dependent gastric reflexes are mediated through vagal afferent fibers synapsing upon neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) which, in turn modulate the preganglionic parasympathetic dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) neurons within the medullary dorsal vagal complex (DVC). The expression and transport of ghrelin receptors has been documented for the afferent vagus nerve, and functional studies have confirmed that vagal pathways are integral to ghrelin-induced stimulation of gastric motility. However, the central actions of ghrelin within the DVC have not been explored fully. Methods: We assessed the responses to ghrelin in fasted rats using: (i) in vivo measurements of gastric tone and motility following IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC and (ii) whole cell recordings from gastric-projecting neurons of the DMV. Key Results: (i) IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC-elicited contractions of the gastric corpus via excitation of a vagal cholinergic efferent pathway and (ii) ghrelin facilitates excitatory, but not inhibitory, presynaptic transmission to DMV neurons. Conclusions & Inferences: Our data indicate that ghrelin acts centrally by activating excitatory synaptic inputs onto DMV neurons, resulting in increased cholinergic drive by way of vagal motor innervation to the stomach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-282
Number of pages11
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014

Fingerprint

Ghrelin
Stomach
Neurons
Microinjections
Cholinergic Agents
Ghrelin Receptor
Efferent Pathways
Solitary Nucleus
Vagus Nerve
Motor Neurons
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Reflex

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Ghrelin increases vagally mediated gastric activity by central sites of action",
abstract = "Background: Vagally dependent gastric reflexes are mediated through vagal afferent fibers synapsing upon neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) which, in turn modulate the preganglionic parasympathetic dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) neurons within the medullary dorsal vagal complex (DVC). The expression and transport of ghrelin receptors has been documented for the afferent vagus nerve, and functional studies have confirmed that vagal pathways are integral to ghrelin-induced stimulation of gastric motility. However, the central actions of ghrelin within the DVC have not been explored fully. Methods: We assessed the responses to ghrelin in fasted rats using: (i) in vivo measurements of gastric tone and motility following IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC and (ii) whole cell recordings from gastric-projecting neurons of the DMV. Key Results: (i) IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC-elicited contractions of the gastric corpus via excitation of a vagal cholinergic efferent pathway and (ii) ghrelin facilitates excitatory, but not inhibitory, presynaptic transmission to DMV neurons. Conclusions & Inferences: Our data indicate that ghrelin acts centrally by activating excitatory synaptic inputs onto DMV neurons, resulting in increased cholinergic drive by way of vagal motor innervation to the stomach.",
author = "Swartz, {E. M.} and Kirsteen Browning and Travagli, {Renato Alberto} and Gregory Holmes",
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T1 - Ghrelin increases vagally mediated gastric activity by central sites of action

AU - Swartz, E. M.

AU - Browning, Kirsteen

AU - Travagli, Renato Alberto

AU - Holmes, Gregory

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Y1 - 2014/2/1

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AB - Background: Vagally dependent gastric reflexes are mediated through vagal afferent fibers synapsing upon neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) which, in turn modulate the preganglionic parasympathetic dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) neurons within the medullary dorsal vagal complex (DVC). The expression and transport of ghrelin receptors has been documented for the afferent vagus nerve, and functional studies have confirmed that vagal pathways are integral to ghrelin-induced stimulation of gastric motility. However, the central actions of ghrelin within the DVC have not been explored fully. Methods: We assessed the responses to ghrelin in fasted rats using: (i) in vivo measurements of gastric tone and motility following IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC and (ii) whole cell recordings from gastric-projecting neurons of the DMV. Key Results: (i) IVth ventricle application or unilateral microinjection of ghrelin into the DVC-elicited contractions of the gastric corpus via excitation of a vagal cholinergic efferent pathway and (ii) ghrelin facilitates excitatory, but not inhibitory, presynaptic transmission to DMV neurons. Conclusions & Inferences: Our data indicate that ghrelin acts centrally by activating excitatory synaptic inputs onto DMV neurons, resulting in increased cholinergic drive by way of vagal motor innervation to the stomach.

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