Giant permittivity materials with low dielectric loss over a broad temperature range enabled by weakening intermolecular hydrogen bonds

Qiyan Zhang, Xin Chen, Tian Zhang, Q. M. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

High-temperature polymer dielectrics are of great interest for next generation capacitors demanded in harsh-environment electronics and electrical-power applications. Although some high-Tg engineering polymers have been considered as possible high-temperature dielectric materials, the low permittivity has significantly limited their development. Hence it is still a great challenge in dielectric polymers to achieve a high permittivity while maintain low dielectric loss over a broad temperature range. Here we report a highly scalable and low cost strategy to develop such high-performance polymer dielectrics. Two high-Tg glassy state dipolar polymers, i.e., poly(ether imide) and poly(ether-methyl-ether-urea) are blended by properly engineered to increase dipole mobility in polymer chains caused by combined effects of disruption of hydrogen bonds and improved free volume for dipoles in the glassy state blend. Consequently, such polymer blend displays thermally stable dielectric properties with an intrinsic giant permittivity of 5.8 and low dielectric loss (<1%) over a broad temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103916
JournalNano Energy
Volume64
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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