Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals

Fei Li, Matthew J. Cabral, Bin Xu, Zhenxiang Cheng, Elizabeth C. Dickey, James M. LeBeau, Jianli Wang, Jun Luo, Samuel Taylor, Wesley Hackenberger, Laurent Bellaiche, Zhuo Xu, Long Qing Chen, Thomas R. Shrout, Shujun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications.The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients (d33) are relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher d33 values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per Newton, with variation below 20%over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity.We characterized the Sm-PMN-PTon the atomic scale with scanning transmission electron microscopy and made first-principles calculations to determine that the giant piezoelectric properties arise fromthe enhanced local structural heterogeneity introduced by Sm3+ dopants. Rare-earth doping is thus identified as a general strategy for introducing local structural heterogeneity in order to enhance the piezoelectricity of relaxor ferroelectric crystals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-268
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume364
Issue number6437
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy
Transducers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Li, F., Cabral, M. J., Xu, B., Cheng, Z., Dickey, E. C., LeBeau, J. M., ... Zhang, S. (2019). Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals. Science, 364(6437), 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2781
Li, Fei ; Cabral, Matthew J. ; Xu, Bin ; Cheng, Zhenxiang ; Dickey, Elizabeth C. ; LeBeau, James M. ; Wang, Jianli ; Luo, Jun ; Taylor, Samuel ; Hackenberger, Wesley ; Bellaiche, Laurent ; Xu, Zhuo ; Chen, Long Qing ; Shrout, Thomas R. ; Zhang, Shujun. / Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals. In: Science. 2019 ; Vol. 364, No. 6437. pp. 264-268.
@article{9e47b5b6d7da43a2988735ae97a065a8,
title = "Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals",
abstract = "High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications.The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients (d33) are relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher d33 values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per Newton, with variation below 20{\%}over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity.We characterized the Sm-PMN-PTon the atomic scale with scanning transmission electron microscopy and made first-principles calculations to determine that the giant piezoelectric properties arise fromthe enhanced local structural heterogeneity introduced by Sm3+ dopants. Rare-earth doping is thus identified as a general strategy for introducing local structural heterogeneity in order to enhance the piezoelectricity of relaxor ferroelectric crystals.",
author = "Fei Li and Cabral, {Matthew J.} and Bin Xu and Zhenxiang Cheng and Dickey, {Elizabeth C.} and LeBeau, {James M.} and Jianli Wang and Jun Luo and Samuel Taylor and Wesley Hackenberger and Laurent Bellaiche and Zhuo Xu and Chen, {Long Qing} and Shrout, {Thomas R.} and Shujun Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1126/science.aaw2781",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "364",
pages = "264--268",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "6437",

}

Li, F, Cabral, MJ, Xu, B, Cheng, Z, Dickey, EC, LeBeau, JM, Wang, J, Luo, J, Taylor, S, Hackenberger, W, Bellaiche, L, Xu, Z, Chen, LQ, Shrout, TR & Zhang, S 2019, 'Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals', Science, vol. 364, no. 6437, pp. 264-268. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2781

Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals. / Li, Fei; Cabral, Matthew J.; Xu, Bin; Cheng, Zhenxiang; Dickey, Elizabeth C.; LeBeau, James M.; Wang, Jianli; Luo, Jun; Taylor, Samuel; Hackenberger, Wesley; Bellaiche, Laurent; Xu, Zhuo; Chen, Long Qing; Shrout, Thomas R.; Zhang, Shujun.

In: Science, Vol. 364, No. 6437, 01.01.2019, p. 264-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals

AU - Li, Fei

AU - Cabral, Matthew J.

AU - Xu, Bin

AU - Cheng, Zhenxiang

AU - Dickey, Elizabeth C.

AU - LeBeau, James M.

AU - Wang, Jianli

AU - Luo, Jun

AU - Taylor, Samuel

AU - Hackenberger, Wesley

AU - Bellaiche, Laurent

AU - Xu, Zhuo

AU - Chen, Long Qing

AU - Shrout, Thomas R.

AU - Zhang, Shujun

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications.The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients (d33) are relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher d33 values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per Newton, with variation below 20%over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity.We characterized the Sm-PMN-PTon the atomic scale with scanning transmission electron microscopy and made first-principles calculations to determine that the giant piezoelectric properties arise fromthe enhanced local structural heterogeneity introduced by Sm3+ dopants. Rare-earth doping is thus identified as a general strategy for introducing local structural heterogeneity in order to enhance the piezoelectricity of relaxor ferroelectric crystals.

AB - High-performance piezoelectrics benefit transducers and sensors in a variety of electromechanical applications.The materials with the highest piezoelectric charge coefficients (d33) are relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals, which were discovered two decades ago. We successfully grew Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (Sm-PMN-PT) single crystals with even higher d33 values ranging from 3400 to 4100 picocoulombs per Newton, with variation below 20%over the as-grown crystal boule, exhibiting good property uniformity.We characterized the Sm-PMN-PTon the atomic scale with scanning transmission electron microscopy and made first-principles calculations to determine that the giant piezoelectric properties arise fromthe enhanced local structural heterogeneity introduced by Sm3+ dopants. Rare-earth doping is thus identified as a general strategy for introducing local structural heterogeneity in order to enhance the piezoelectricity of relaxor ferroelectric crystals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065028219&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065028219&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.aaw2781

DO - 10.1126/science.aaw2781

M3 - Article

C2 - 31000659

AN - SCOPUS:85065028219

VL - 364

SP - 264

EP - 268

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6437

ER -

Li F, Cabral MJ, Xu B, Cheng Z, Dickey EC, LeBeau JM et al. Giant piezoelectricity of Sm-doped Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals. Science. 2019 Jan 1;364(6437):264-268. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw2781