Glenoid dysplasia is a rare congenital abnormality that may be associated with vague shoulder pain, limitation of motion, and weakness of the upper extremity. In many cases it is an incidental finding on chest roentgenogram, and high-level function is usually possible before the onset of symptoms or degenerative changes. The case of an 18-year-old collegiate football offensive lineman who developed symptoms secondary to previously undetected bilateral glenoid dysplasia is reported. Roentgenograms demonstrated dysplastic scapular necks, and arthrography showed a deformed, constricted shoulder capsule. Magnetic resonance imaging defined the extent of the cartilaginous anlage, and arthroscopy demonstrated progressive articular cartilage degeneration. Although treatment alleviated the shoulder symptoms at low-level activities, the patient was unable to successfully compete under the extreme demands of an American football lineman.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine