Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources: An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F

Timothy Joseph Kane, Andrew J. Gerrard, Alexander Hassiotis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Atmospheric gravity waves, generated primarily from tropospheric mesoscale convective complexes and frontal systems, propagate into the middle atmosphere and subsequently impact the entire global circulation. Furthermore, the short-period/long vertical wavelength portion of the gravity wave spectrum can propagate into the thermosphere, where such waves can potentially "seed" equatorial spread-F (ESF), an instability phenomena which causes scintillation in the radio portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Recently, the desire to acquire 4-6 hour forecasts of ESF has come to the forefront of upper atmospheric research because of the impacts on radio communications and GPS signals. However, to extend these forecasts beyond the 6 hour limit, the modeling of the synoptic gravity waves associated with ESF needs to be addressed. As such, in this paper we present a global gravity wave forecasting model called FOREGRATS (FOREcasting of Gravity waves via Ray-tracing algorithms with prescribed Tropospheric Sources), which uses a myriad of data resources to identify dominant tropospheric gravity wave sources, prescribe a relevant source spectrum, and then propagate the resultant gravity waves through the middle and upper atmosphere via a linear ray-tracing theory. An example of the entire data assimilation and forecasting processes is presented, outlining each of the major components of the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages5075-5080
Number of pages6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005
Event85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2005Jan 13 2005

Other

Other85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Period1/9/051/13/05

Fingerprint

Gravity waves
Ray tracing
Upper atmosphere
Radio communication
Scintillation
Seed
Global positioning system
Wavelength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Kane, T. J., Gerrard, A. J., & Hassiotis, A. (2005). Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources: An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F. 5075-5080. Paper presented at 85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints, San Diego, CA, United States.
Kane, Timothy Joseph ; Gerrard, Andrew J. ; Hassiotis, Alexander. / Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources : An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F. Paper presented at 85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints, San Diego, CA, United States.6 p.
@conference{304d475d831b478eb23db738c6363c87,
title = "Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources: An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F",
abstract = "Atmospheric gravity waves, generated primarily from tropospheric mesoscale convective complexes and frontal systems, propagate into the middle atmosphere and subsequently impact the entire global circulation. Furthermore, the short-period/long vertical wavelength portion of the gravity wave spectrum can propagate into the thermosphere, where such waves can potentially {"}seed{"} equatorial spread-F (ESF), an instability phenomena which causes scintillation in the radio portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Recently, the desire to acquire 4-6 hour forecasts of ESF has come to the forefront of upper atmospheric research because of the impacts on radio communications and GPS signals. However, to extend these forecasts beyond the 6 hour limit, the modeling of the synoptic gravity waves associated with ESF needs to be addressed. As such, in this paper we present a global gravity wave forecasting model called FOREGRATS (FOREcasting of Gravity waves via Ray-tracing algorithms with prescribed Tropospheric Sources), which uses a myriad of data resources to identify dominant tropospheric gravity wave sources, prescribe a relevant source spectrum, and then propagate the resultant gravity waves through the middle and upper atmosphere via a linear ray-tracing theory. An example of the entire data assimilation and forecasting processes is presented, outlining each of the major components of the model.",
author = "Kane, {Timothy Joseph} and Gerrard, {Andrew J.} and Alexander Hassiotis",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "5075--5080",
note = "85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints ; Conference date: 09-01-2005 Through 13-01-2005",

}

Kane, TJ, Gerrard, AJ & Hassiotis, A 2005, 'Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources: An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F' Paper presented at 85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints, San Diego, CA, United States, 1/9/05 - 1/13/05, pp. 5075-5080.

Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources : An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F. / Kane, Timothy Joseph; Gerrard, Andrew J.; Hassiotis, Alexander.

2005. 5075-5080 Paper presented at 85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints, San Diego, CA, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources

T2 - An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F

AU - Kane, Timothy Joseph

AU - Gerrard, Andrew J.

AU - Hassiotis, Alexander

PY - 2005/12/1

Y1 - 2005/12/1

N2 - Atmospheric gravity waves, generated primarily from tropospheric mesoscale convective complexes and frontal systems, propagate into the middle atmosphere and subsequently impact the entire global circulation. Furthermore, the short-period/long vertical wavelength portion of the gravity wave spectrum can propagate into the thermosphere, where such waves can potentially "seed" equatorial spread-F (ESF), an instability phenomena which causes scintillation in the radio portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Recently, the desire to acquire 4-6 hour forecasts of ESF has come to the forefront of upper atmospheric research because of the impacts on radio communications and GPS signals. However, to extend these forecasts beyond the 6 hour limit, the modeling of the synoptic gravity waves associated with ESF needs to be addressed. As such, in this paper we present a global gravity wave forecasting model called FOREGRATS (FOREcasting of Gravity waves via Ray-tracing algorithms with prescribed Tropospheric Sources), which uses a myriad of data resources to identify dominant tropospheric gravity wave sources, prescribe a relevant source spectrum, and then propagate the resultant gravity waves through the middle and upper atmosphere via a linear ray-tracing theory. An example of the entire data assimilation and forecasting processes is presented, outlining each of the major components of the model.

AB - Atmospheric gravity waves, generated primarily from tropospheric mesoscale convective complexes and frontal systems, propagate into the middle atmosphere and subsequently impact the entire global circulation. Furthermore, the short-period/long vertical wavelength portion of the gravity wave spectrum can propagate into the thermosphere, where such waves can potentially "seed" equatorial spread-F (ESF), an instability phenomena which causes scintillation in the radio portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Recently, the desire to acquire 4-6 hour forecasts of ESF has come to the forefront of upper atmospheric research because of the impacts on radio communications and GPS signals. However, to extend these forecasts beyond the 6 hour limit, the modeling of the synoptic gravity waves associated with ESF needs to be addressed. As such, in this paper we present a global gravity wave forecasting model called FOREGRATS (FOREcasting of Gravity waves via Ray-tracing algorithms with prescribed Tropospheric Sources), which uses a myriad of data resources to identify dominant tropospheric gravity wave sources, prescribe a relevant source spectrum, and then propagate the resultant gravity waves through the middle and upper atmosphere via a linear ray-tracing theory. An example of the entire data assimilation and forecasting processes is presented, outlining each of the major components of the model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30044443935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30044443935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Paper

AN - SCOPUS:30044443935

SP - 5075

EP - 5080

ER -

Kane TJ, Gerrard AJ, Hassiotis A. Global forecasts of thermospheric gravity wave activity as generated from tropospheric sources: An overview of the foregrats model with application to the prediction of equatorial spread-F. 2005. Paper presented at 85th AMS Annual Meeting, American Meteorological Society - Combined Preprints, San Diego, CA, United States.