Global health and economic impacts of future ozone pollution

N. E. Selin, S. Wu, K. M. Nam, J. M. Reilly, S. Paltsev, R. G. Prinn, M. D. Webster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

We assess the human health and economic impacts of projected 2000-2050 changes in ozone pollution using the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis-Health Effects (EPPA-HE) model, in combination with results from the GEOS-Chem global tropospheric chemistry model of climate and chemistry effects of projected future emissions. We use EPPA-HE to assess the human health damages (including mortality and morbidity) caused by ozone pollution, and quantify their economic impacts in sixteen world regions. We compare the costs of ozone pollution under scenarios with 2000 and 2050 ozone precursor and greenhouse gas emissions (using the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) A1B scenario). We estimate that health costs due to global ozone pollution above pre-industrial levels by 2050 will be $580 billion (year 2000$) and that mortalities from acute exposure will exceed 2 million. We find that previous methodologies underestimate costs of air pollution by more than a third because they do not take into account the long-term, compounding effects of health costs. The economic effects of emissions changes far exceed the influence of climate alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044014
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Global health and economic impacts of future ozone pollution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this