Global patterns of the use of shadow education: Student, family, and national influences

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Building on the first cross-national study that had demystified various assumptions about the worldwide use of shadow education two decades ago, we analyze data from the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment to examine the cross-national pattern of the use of shadow education by families in 64 nations and use improved statistical estimation methods. Focusing on fee-paying out-of-school classes, we find a continued, and likely an intensified pattern of the cross-national use of shadow education in the contemporary world. Approximately about one-third of all 15-year-old students from 64 countries/economies across the world use this form of shadow education. Students of higher socioeconomic status, females, and students in urban areas and general programs are more likely to use fee-paying services, while families and students turn to these services to address academic deficiencies in general. In addition, students from poorer countries more extensively rely on shadow education than students from wealthier countries after controlling for other variables. Students in South-Eastern and Eastern Asian countries are more likely to pursue shadow education than their counterparts in many other regions. Implications of these findings for theories of education and society as well as for educational policy in relation to shadow education are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationResearch in the Sociology of Education
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Pages71-105
Number of pages35
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameResearch in the Sociology of Education
Volume20
ISSN (Print)1479-3539

Fingerprint

education
student
fee
PISA study
school class
educational policy
social status
urban area
economy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Byun, S., Chung, H. J., & Baker, D. P. (2018). Global patterns of the use of shadow education: Student, family, and national influences. In Research in the Sociology of Education (pp. 71-105). (Research in the Sociology of Education; Vol. 20). Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-353920180000020004
Byun, Soo-yong ; Chung, Hee Jin ; Baker, David P. / Global patterns of the use of shadow education : Student, family, and national influences. Research in the Sociology of Education. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2018. pp. 71-105 (Research in the Sociology of Education).
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Byun, S, Chung, HJ & Baker, DP 2018, Global patterns of the use of shadow education: Student, family, and national influences. in Research in the Sociology of Education. Research in the Sociology of Education, vol. 20, Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., pp. 71-105. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-353920180000020004

Global patterns of the use of shadow education : Student, family, and national influences. / Byun, Soo-yong; Chung, Hee Jin; Baker, David P.

Research in the Sociology of Education. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd., 2018. p. 71-105 (Research in the Sociology of Education; Vol. 20).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Byun S, Chung HJ, Baker DP. Global patterns of the use of shadow education: Student, family, and national influences. In Research in the Sociology of Education. Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. 2018. p. 71-105. (Research in the Sociology of Education). https://doi.org/10.1108/S1479-353920180000020004