Global positioning system processing methods for GPS passive coherent location

Sean A. Kaiser, Andrew J. Christianson, Ram Mohan Narayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study addresses processing methods for the use of the global positioning system (GPS) as a signal of opportunity in a multistatic passive coherent location (PCL) system. The signal properties of the GPS signal are designed for position estimation, which makes it particularly suited for GPS PCL applications. The signal specifications are examined and the potential limitations of a proposed system are explored. Conventional GPS processing techniques are implemented in the framework of multistatic GPS PCL. GPS specific methods are developed for target position estimation of a multistatic PCL system in a three-dimensional plane. The PCL system has comparable performance metrics to conventional GPS positioning. Two methods are developed utilising measurements available in a conventional GPS system. The first involves a short time scale, which is in the order of milliseconds. The second involves a long time scale method, which is on the order of seconds. Simulation and analysis are performed to verify the methods. Experimental validation was also conducted using a hardware in the loop approach, as well as, an active radar calibrator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1406-1416
Number of pages11
JournalIET Radar, Sonar and Navigation
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Fingerprint

Global positioning system
Processing
Radar
Specifications
Hardware

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Kaiser, Sean A. ; Christianson, Andrew J. ; Narayanan, Ram Mohan. / Global positioning system processing methods for GPS passive coherent location. In: IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation. 2017 ; Vol. 11, No. 9. pp. 1406-1416.
@article{153f8218f39a4f189028b06911e598b1,
title = "Global positioning system processing methods for GPS passive coherent location",
abstract = "This study addresses processing methods for the use of the global positioning system (GPS) as a signal of opportunity in a multistatic passive coherent location (PCL) system. The signal properties of the GPS signal are designed for position estimation, which makes it particularly suited for GPS PCL applications. The signal specifications are examined and the potential limitations of a proposed system are explored. Conventional GPS processing techniques are implemented in the framework of multistatic GPS PCL. GPS specific methods are developed for target position estimation of a multistatic PCL system in a three-dimensional plane. The PCL system has comparable performance metrics to conventional GPS positioning. Two methods are developed utilising measurements available in a conventional GPS system. The first involves a short time scale, which is in the order of milliseconds. The second involves a long time scale method, which is on the order of seconds. Simulation and analysis are performed to verify the methods. Experimental validation was also conducted using a hardware in the loop approach, as well as, an active radar calibrator.",
author = "Kaiser, {Sean A.} and Christianson, {Andrew J.} and Narayanan, {Ram Mohan}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1049/iet-rsn.2017.0010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "1406--1416",
journal = "IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation",
issn = "1751-8784",
publisher = "Institution of Engineering and Technology",
number = "9",

}

Global positioning system processing methods for GPS passive coherent location. / Kaiser, Sean A.; Christianson, Andrew J.; Narayanan, Ram Mohan.

In: IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation, Vol. 11, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 1406-1416.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global positioning system processing methods for GPS passive coherent location

AU - Kaiser, Sean A.

AU - Christianson, Andrew J.

AU - Narayanan, Ram Mohan

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - This study addresses processing methods for the use of the global positioning system (GPS) as a signal of opportunity in a multistatic passive coherent location (PCL) system. The signal properties of the GPS signal are designed for position estimation, which makes it particularly suited for GPS PCL applications. The signal specifications are examined and the potential limitations of a proposed system are explored. Conventional GPS processing techniques are implemented in the framework of multistatic GPS PCL. GPS specific methods are developed for target position estimation of a multistatic PCL system in a three-dimensional plane. The PCL system has comparable performance metrics to conventional GPS positioning. Two methods are developed utilising measurements available in a conventional GPS system. The first involves a short time scale, which is in the order of milliseconds. The second involves a long time scale method, which is on the order of seconds. Simulation and analysis are performed to verify the methods. Experimental validation was also conducted using a hardware in the loop approach, as well as, an active radar calibrator.

AB - This study addresses processing methods for the use of the global positioning system (GPS) as a signal of opportunity in a multistatic passive coherent location (PCL) system. The signal properties of the GPS signal are designed for position estimation, which makes it particularly suited for GPS PCL applications. The signal specifications are examined and the potential limitations of a proposed system are explored. Conventional GPS processing techniques are implemented in the framework of multistatic GPS PCL. GPS specific methods are developed for target position estimation of a multistatic PCL system in a three-dimensional plane. The PCL system has comparable performance metrics to conventional GPS positioning. Two methods are developed utilising measurements available in a conventional GPS system. The first involves a short time scale, which is in the order of milliseconds. The second involves a long time scale method, which is on the order of seconds. Simulation and analysis are performed to verify the methods. Experimental validation was also conducted using a hardware in the loop approach, as well as, an active radar calibrator.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028565811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028565811&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1049/iet-rsn.2017.0010

DO - 10.1049/iet-rsn.2017.0010

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 1406

EP - 1416

JO - IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation

JF - IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation

SN - 1751-8784

IS - 9

ER -