Using a brainstem slice preparation, we aimed to study the pre- and postsynaptic effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) on synaptic transmission to identified pancreas-projecting vagal motoneurons. Following blockade of GABAergic mediated currents with bicuculline, perfusion with 100 nM GLP-1 increased both amplitude and frequency of excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in 21 of 52 neurons. Perfusion with the GLP-1 selective agonist exendin-4 (100 nM), also increased the frequency of spontaneous EPSCs, while pretreatment with the GLP-1 selective antagonist, exendin 9-39, prevented the effects of GLP-1. In the presence of kynurenic acid to block ionotropic glutamatergic currents, perfusion with GLP-1 increased the frequency of inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) in 28 of 74 neurons; in 14 of these responsive neurons, GLP-1 also increased IPSC amplitude, indicating actions at both pre- and postsynaptic sites. Perfusion with exendin-4 increased the frequency of spontaneous IPSCs, while pretreatment with exendin 9-39 prevented the effects of GLP-1. These results suggest that GLP-1 modulates both excitatory and inhibitory synaptic inputs to pancreas-projecting vagal motoneurons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience