The catabolic properties of glucocorticoid hormones are largely attributable to dual regulation of protein degradation and synthesis. With regard to the latter, glucocorticoids modulate the translational machinery, namely that component functional in translation initiation. This investigation revealed that in L6 myoblasts, dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, deactivated the ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70(S6k)) within 4 h, as evidenced by diminished phosphorylation of its physiological substrate, the 40S ribosomal protein S6. This deactivation correlated with dephosphorylation of p70(S6k) at Thr389, whereas phosphorylation of Ser411 was unaffected. Furthermore, glucocorticoid administration induced dephosphorylation of the cap-dependent translational repressor, eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) binding protein 1 (4E-BP1), thereby facilitating conjunction of the inhibitor and eIF4E. The mechanism of action is reminiscent of classical transcriptional regulation by steroid hormone receptors in that these effects were preceded by a temporal lag and were sensitive to inhibitors of glucocorticoid receptor function as well as transcriptional and translational inhibition. Okadaic acid and calyculin A corrected the dexamethasone-induced dephosphorylation of p70(S6k) and 4E-BP1, implicating a PP1- and/or PP2A-like protein phosphatase(s) in the observed phenomena. Hence, glucocorticolds attenuate distal constituents of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling pathway and thereby encumber the protein synthetic apparatus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||1 42-1|
|State||Published - 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)