Glucocorticoids affect the synthesis of pulmonary fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor at a pretranslational level

Joanna Floros, M. Post, B. T. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glucocorticoids accelerate fetal lung maturation by acting on the fetal lung fibroblast to induce the synthesis of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor which in turn stimulates pulmonary surfactant synthesis by the alveolar type II cell. We have studied the site of glucocorticoid regulation of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor synthesis in primary cultures of fetal rat lung fibroblasts. Conditioned media from fetal rat lung fibroblasts exposed to cortisol stimulate [Me-3H]choline incorporation into saturated phosphatidylcholine by primary cultures of fetal rat lung alveolar type II cells. This effect is blocked by the presence of actinomycin D during the first, but not the second, 24 h of incubation of the fibroblasts with cortisol. Cycloheximide blocks this effect if present during either the first or second 24 h of incubation. We fractionated mRNA from fetal rat lung fibroblasts incubated in the presence or absence of dexamethasone and observed that cell-free translation products from a fraction of ~500 bases possess biological activity in the bioassay. Such activity is only present in cell-free translation products of mRNA isolated from fibroblasts treated with dexamethasone. These results suggest that glucocorticoids act at a pretranslational level to induce production of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor and that the primary translation products are biologically active.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2265-2267
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1985

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Fibroblasts
Glucocorticoids
Lung
Rats
Alveolar Epithelial Cells
Dexamethasone
Hydrocortisone
Pulmonary Surfactants
Messenger RNA
Bioassay
Protein Biosynthesis
Dactinomycin
Cycloheximide
Conditioned Culture Medium
Choline
Bioactivity
Phosphatidylcholines
Cell culture
Biological Assay
fibroblast pneumonocyte factor

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "Glucocorticoids accelerate fetal lung maturation by acting on the fetal lung fibroblast to induce the synthesis of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor which in turn stimulates pulmonary surfactant synthesis by the alveolar type II cell. We have studied the site of glucocorticoid regulation of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor synthesis in primary cultures of fetal rat lung fibroblasts. Conditioned media from fetal rat lung fibroblasts exposed to cortisol stimulate [Me-3H]choline incorporation into saturated phosphatidylcholine by primary cultures of fetal rat lung alveolar type II cells. This effect is blocked by the presence of actinomycin D during the first, but not the second, 24 h of incubation of the fibroblasts with cortisol. Cycloheximide blocks this effect if present during either the first or second 24 h of incubation. We fractionated mRNA from fetal rat lung fibroblasts incubated in the presence or absence of dexamethasone and observed that cell-free translation products from a fraction of ~500 bases possess biological activity in the bioassay. Such activity is only present in cell-free translation products of mRNA isolated from fibroblasts treated with dexamethasone. These results suggest that glucocorticoids act at a pretranslational level to induce production of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor and that the primary translation products are biologically active.",
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Glucocorticoids affect the synthesis of pulmonary fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor at a pretranslational level. / Floros, Joanna; Post, M.; Smith, B. T.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 260, No. 4, 1985, p. 2265-2267.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Glucocorticoids accelerate fetal lung maturation by acting on the fetal lung fibroblast to induce the synthesis of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor which in turn stimulates pulmonary surfactant synthesis by the alveolar type II cell. We have studied the site of glucocorticoid regulation of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor synthesis in primary cultures of fetal rat lung fibroblasts. Conditioned media from fetal rat lung fibroblasts exposed to cortisol stimulate [Me-3H]choline incorporation into saturated phosphatidylcholine by primary cultures of fetal rat lung alveolar type II cells. This effect is blocked by the presence of actinomycin D during the first, but not the second, 24 h of incubation of the fibroblasts with cortisol. Cycloheximide blocks this effect if present during either the first or second 24 h of incubation. We fractionated mRNA from fetal rat lung fibroblasts incubated in the presence or absence of dexamethasone and observed that cell-free translation products from a fraction of ~500 bases possess biological activity in the bioassay. Such activity is only present in cell-free translation products of mRNA isolated from fibroblasts treated with dexamethasone. These results suggest that glucocorticoids act at a pretranslational level to induce production of fibroblast-pneumonocyte factor and that the primary translation products are biologically active.

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