The streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ-DB) rat model is associated with fetal hyperglycemia, but with low to normal plasma insulin concentration. Because surfactant protein (SP) mRNA content in fetal rat lung is decreased in STZ-DB pregnancy, we investigated the effect of increasing concentrations of glucose on SP gene expression in lung organ cultures. SP mRNA content (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C) was assessed by Northern blot analysis in fetal day 20 lung explants (term = 22 days) cultured for 44 hours in medium containing 10, 25, 50, or 100 mM glucose. Our findings were (1) No consistent alteration in SP-A mRNA content was observed at different glucose concentrations (P > .05); (2) SP-B and SP-C mRNA content were reduced in a dose-dependent manner when glucose concentration was increased from 10 mM to 100 mM. The mRNA content, compared to 10 mM glucose, decreased to 50-60% at 25 mM glucose, to 20-25% at 50 mM glucose, and to lower than 10% at 100 mM glucose (P < .01). These findings indicate that the decrease in SP-B and SP- C mRNA in fetuses of STZ-DB rats may be, in part, due to a direct effect of hyperglycemia, whereas the decrease in SP-A mRNA content in STZ-DB rats appears to be due to other effects of diabetes in pregnancy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry