Glucose decreases steady state mRNA content of hydrophobic surfactant proteins B and C in fetal rat lung explants

Hamid H. Rayani, Ira H. Gewolb, Joanna Floros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ-DB) rat model is associated with fetal hyperglycemia, but with low to normal plasma insulin concentration. Because surfactant protein (SP) mRNA content in fetal rat lung is decreased in STZ-DB pregnancy, we investigated the effect of increasing concentrations of glucose on SP gene expression in lung organ cultures. SP mRNA content (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C) was assessed by Northern blot analysis in fetal day 20 lung explants (term = 22 days) cultured for 44 hours in medium containing 10, 25, 50, or 100 mM glucose. Our findings were (1) No consistent alteration in SP-A mRNA content was observed at different glucose concentrations (P > .05); (2) SP-B and SP-C mRNA content were reduced in a dose-dependent manner when glucose concentration was increased from 10 mM to 100 mM. The mRNA content, compared to 10 mM glucose, decreased to 50-60% at 25 mM glucose, to 20-25% at 50 mM glucose, and to lower than 10% at 100 mM glucose (P < .01). These findings indicate that the decrease in SP-B and SP- C mRNA in fetuses of STZ-DB rats may be, in part, due to a direct effect of hyperglycemia, whereas the decrease in SP-A mRNA content in STZ-DB rats appears to be due to other effects of diabetes in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalExperimental Lung Research
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 1999

Fingerprint

Protein C
Surface-Active Agents
Rats
Glucose
Lung
Messenger RNA
Pulmonary Surfactant-Associated Protein A
Streptozocin
Hyperglycemia
Pregnancy in Diabetics
IgA receptor
Proteins
Organ Culture Techniques
Medical problems
Gene expression
Northern Blotting
Fetus
Insulin
Plasmas
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Glucose decreases steady state mRNA content of hydrophobic surfactant proteins B and C in fetal rat lung explants",
abstract = "The streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ-DB) rat model is associated with fetal hyperglycemia, but with low to normal plasma insulin concentration. Because surfactant protein (SP) mRNA content in fetal rat lung is decreased in STZ-DB pregnancy, we investigated the effect of increasing concentrations of glucose on SP gene expression in lung organ cultures. SP mRNA content (SP-A, SP-B, SP-C) was assessed by Northern blot analysis in fetal day 20 lung explants (term = 22 days) cultured for 44 hours in medium containing 10, 25, 50, or 100 mM glucose. Our findings were (1) No consistent alteration in SP-A mRNA content was observed at different glucose concentrations (P > .05); (2) SP-B and SP-C mRNA content were reduced in a dose-dependent manner when glucose concentration was increased from 10 mM to 100 mM. The mRNA content, compared to 10 mM glucose, decreased to 50-60{\%} at 25 mM glucose, to 20-25{\%} at 50 mM glucose, and to lower than 10{\%} at 100 mM glucose (P < .01). These findings indicate that the decrease in SP-B and SP- C mRNA in fetuses of STZ-DB rats may be, in part, due to a direct effect of hyperglycemia, whereas the decrease in SP-A mRNA content in STZ-DB rats appears to be due to other effects of diabetes in pregnancy.",
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Glucose decreases steady state mRNA content of hydrophobic surfactant proteins B and C in fetal rat lung explants. / Rayani, Hamid H.; Gewolb, Ira H.; Floros, Joanna.

In: Experimental Lung Research, Vol. 25, No. 1, 18.02.1999, p. 69-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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