Recent animal and in vitro studies have identified several interrelated metabolic abnormalities in diabetic nerve that are attributable to elevated ambient glucose concentrations. In combination, these metabolic changes may induce a variety of biochemical and biophysical alterations in peripheral nerve that are highly relevant to the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy. This article reviews the current status of several of these metabolic defects and describes ways in which their interaction could lead to pathogenetically important changes in nerve metabolism, function, and structure. Areas of related future research are also discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing