Glucuronidation is an important pathway in the metabolism of nicotine, with previous studies suggesting that ∼22% of urinary nicotine metabolites are in the form of glucuronidated compounds. Recent in vitro studies have suggested that the UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT) 2B10 and 2B17 play major roles in nicotine glucuronidation with polymorphisms in both enzymes shown to significantly alter the levels of nicotineglucuronide, cotinine-glucuronide, and trans-3′-hydroxycotinine (3HC)-glucuronide in human liver microsomes in vitro. In the present study, the relationship between the levels of urinary nicotine metabolites and functional polymorphisms in UGTs 2B10 and 2B17 was analyzed in urine specimens from 104 Caucasian smokers. Based on their percentage of total urinary nicotine metabolites, the levels of nicotine-glucuronide and cotinine-glucuronide were 42% (P < 0.0005) and 48% (P < 0.0001), respectively, lower in the urine from smokers exhibiting the UGT2B10 (*1/*2) genotype and 95% (P < 0.05) and 98% (P < 0.05), respectively, lower in the urine from smokers with the UGT2B10 (*2/*2) genotype compared with the urinary levels in smokers having the wild-type UGT2B10 (*1/*1) genotype. The level of 3HC-glucuronide was 42% (P < 0.001) lower in the urine from smokers exhibiting the homozygous UGT2B17 (*2/*2) deletion genotype compared with the levels in urine from wild-type UGT2B17 subjects. These data suggest that UGTs 2B10 and 2B17 play important roles in the glucuronidation of nicotine, cotinine, and 3HC and suggest that the UGT2B10 codon 67 SNP and the UGT2B17 gene deletion significantly reduce overall glucuronidation rates of nicotine and its major metabolites in smokers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research