The conjugations of cyclophosphamide and of phosphoramide mustard with glutathione are shown to be catalyzed by hepatic cytosolic glutathione-S-transferases. Cyclophosphamide conjugation is also catalyzed by microsomal glutathione-S-transferases, both in intact microsomes and after solubilization and immobilization. Deuterium isotope labels are used to test whether chloride is directly displaced by glutathione in the enzyme-catalyzed conjugations, or whether conjugation takes place via symmetrical cyclic aziridinium ions. Tandem mass spectrometry with high energy collisional activation is shown to provide reliable analysis of the isotope-labeling patterns in the conjugated products. This experiment leads to the conclusion that the aziridinium ion is opened in the conjugation of phosphoramide mustard in both the enzyme-catalyzed and the chemical reactions. Cyclophosphamide, on the other hand, is shown to be conjugated through direct displacement of chloride.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|State||Published - 1991|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science