We studied myelin proteins and glycolipids in 24 human oligodendrogliomas (16 pure, eight mixed), including two grade I, 13 grade II, five grade III, and four grade IV. Tumours with a 1b ganglioside content (GD1b, GT1b and GQ1b) over 30% of total gangliosides occur more frequently in the WHO grade I and II (47%) and grade III (40%) than in the grade IV (25%) group; there was no difference in the amounts of total ganglioside or individual gangliosides between pure and mixed oligodendrogliomas. The presence of 6'-LM1 correlated with higher grades of tumours (χ2 p ≃ 0.02); however, 3'-LM1 and total neolacto-series gangliosides did not correlated with grade. Immunohistochemical studies of oligodendrocyte and myelin markers (GalCer, sulfatide, 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase, myelin basic protein and proteolipid protein) using specific antibodies showed only a very small proportion of tumour cells staining. These data do not support the hypothesis that tumours classified as oligodendrogliomas are derived from mature oligodendrocytes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology