We have reported previously that cottontail rabbit papillomavirus (CRPV) E8 gene immunization induced strong protection against virus challenge. In this study, we primed E8 gene vaccination with mouse granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (mGM-CSF), a cytokine that induces differentiation and local recruitment of professional antigen-presenting cells. EIII/JC inbred rabbits were divided into four groups receiving vaccinations with the following constructs: mGM-CSF plus E8, mGM-CSF only, E8 only and vector only. After three immunizations at intervals of 3 weeks, rabbits were challenged with viral DNA at six scarified sites. Papillomas grew on all vaccinated rabbits 4 weeks after inoculation. At week 5, papillomas on four rabbits of mGM-CSF plus E8 and one of E8 only rabbits began to regress. At week 11, all the papillomas on rabbits in the GM-CSF plus E8 vaccination group regressed (regression rate = 100%); regression rates of the mGM-CSF only and E8 only vaccination groups were 50 and 25%, respectively. All papillomas on the vector immunized rabbits remained persistent until the end of the experiment (0%). Antibodies to mGM-CSF were detected in rabbit serum by Western blot. Rabbits vaccinated with E8 plus mGM-CSF or E8 only group had positive Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin test to different E8 peptides. These results demonstrated that mGM-CSF could enhance the effects of E8 immunization in rabbits to CRPV infection through cell-mediated immune responses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases