Governance and vertical integration in team sports

Stefan Szymanski, Stephen F. Ross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antitrust law distinguishes vertical and horizontal restraints. A horizontal restraint is one which exists between competing firms supplying rival products in a market, and a vertical restraint is one which exists between firms that jointly contribute to supplying a particular product in a market. Horizontal agreements receive much closer antitrust scrutiny because they often enable firms to limit competition at the expense of consumers, while vertical restraints may be legal or illegal depending on whether they tend to enhance or reduce competition or the exploitation of market power. This paper argues that there are important vertical restraints that operate in sports leagues which have been mostly neglected in the literature but have a significant impact. We focus on intraleague restraints, where member clubs of a league agree to control the organization of league competition, and interleague restraints, where horizontal agreement such as the Reserve Clause relies on agreements not to compete for players competing in senior or junior leagues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)616-626
Number of pages11
JournalContemporary Economic Policy
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Fingerprint

team sports
governance
firm
club member
antitrust law
market power
market
exploitation
Sports
organization
Vertical integration
Vertical restraints
Governance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Public Administration

Cite this

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Governance and vertical integration in team sports. / Szymanski, Stefan; Ross, Stephen F.

In: Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 25, No. 4, 01.10.2007, p. 616-626.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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