GRACE: Generating Concise and Informative Contrastive Sample to Explain Neural Network Model's Prediction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the recent development in the topic of explainable AI/ML for image and text data, the majority of current solutions are not suitable to explain the prediction of neural network models when the datasets are tabular and their features are in high-dimensional vectorized formats. To mitigate this limitation, therefore, we borrow two notable ideas (i.e., "explanation by intervention" from causality and "explanation are contrastive" from philosophy) and propose a novel solution, named as GRACE, that better explains neural network models' predictions for tabular datasets. In particular, given a model's prediction as label X, GRACE intervenes and generates a minimally-modified contrastive sample to be classified as Y, with an intuitive textual explanation, answering the question of "Why X rather than Y?" We carry out comprehensive experiments using eleven public datasets of different scales and domains (e.g., # of features ranges from 5 to 216) and compare GRACE with competing baselines on different measures: fidelity, conciseness, info-gain, and influence. The user-studies show that our generated explanation is not only more intuitive and easy-to-understand but also facilitates end-users to make as much as 60% more accurate post-explanation decisions than that of Lime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationKDD 2020 - Proceedings of the 26th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages238-248
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781450379984
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2020
Event26th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Aug 23 2020Aug 27 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining

Conference

Conference26th ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, KDD 2020
CountryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/23/208/27/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems

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