We discuss graded D-brane systems of the topological A model on a Calabi-Yau threefold (in the absence of worldsheet instanton corrections), by means of their string field theory. We give a detailed analysis of the extended string field action, showing that it satisfies the classical master equation, and construct the associated BV system. The analysis is entirely general and it applies to any collection of D-branes (of distinct grades) wrapping the same special lagrangian cycle, being valid in arbitrary topology. Our discussion employs a ℤ-graded version of the covariant BV formalism, whose formulation involves the concept of graded supermanifolds. We discuss this formalism in detail and explain why Z-graded supermanifolds are necessary for a correct geometric understanding of BV systems. For the particular case of graded D-brane pairs, we also give a direct construction of the master action, finding complete agreement with the abstract formalism. We analyze formation of acyclic composites and show that, under certain topological assumptions, all states resulting from the condensation process of a pair of branes with grades differing by one unit are BRST trivial and thus the composite can be viewed as a closed string vacuum. We prove that there are six types of pairs which must be viewed as generally inequivalent. This contradicts the assumption that 'brane-antibrane' systems exhaust the nontrivial dynamics of topological A-branes with the same geometric support.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics