Hexagonal metals have anisotropic coefficients of thermal expansion causing grain-level internal stresses during heating. High energy x-ray diffraction microscopy, a non-destructive, in situ, micromechanical and microstructural characterization technique, has been used to determine the anisotropic coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) for Ti-7Al. Two samples of polycrystalline α-phase Ti-7Al were continuously heated from room temperature to 850 °C while far-field HEDM scans were collected. The results showed a change in the ratio of the CTEs in the ‘a’ and ‘c’ directions which explains discrepancies found in the literature. The CTE additionally appears to be affected by the dissolution of α2 precipitates. Analysis of the grain-resolved micromechanical data also shows reconfiguration of the grain scale stresses likely due to anisotropic expansion driving crystallographic slip.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering