Graphene oxide-CuFe2O4 nanohybrid material as an adsorbent of Congo red dye

Adamantia Zourou, Afroditi Ntziouni, Nikolaos Adamopoulos, Tiberiu Roman, Fu Zhang, Mauricio Terrones, Konstantinos Kordatos

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work evaluates the performance of graphene oxide (GO) - copper ferrite (CuFe2O4) nanohybrid in the removal of Congo Red (CR) dye from aqueous solutions. The adsorbent was prepared via a three-step method. Firstly, GO was produced via a modified Hummers method, using graphite powder as starting material. Following this, GO surface was treated with ionic surfactants, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and poly(sodium-4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS). Subsequently, the functionalized GO was decorated with magnetic CuFe2O4 nanoparticles via an electrostatic self-assembly process using a solvothermal treatment. The as-synthesized CuFe2O4-GO nanohybrid was characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) Analysis, Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy, micro-Raman Spectroscopy, Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), High-Resolution Transition Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM) with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, as well as, N2 Adsorption/Desorption measurements. We investigated the CR adsorption of the GO-CuFe2O4 nanohybrid at various initial CR concentrations and contact times. Both Langmuir and Freundlich models were employed to describe the adsorption isotherms, while the adsorption kinetics of CR by GO-CuFe2O4 were found to be pseudo-second order. Our results demonstrate that GO-CuFe2O4 is an attractive adsorbent for the efficient removal of CR dye from wastewater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100147
JournalCarbon Trends
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Chemistry

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