Gravitation has interesting consequences for electromagnetic wave propagation in vacuum. The propagation of plane waves with phase velocity directed opposite to the time-averaged Poynting vector is investigated for a generally curved spacetime. Conditions for such negative-phase-velocity (NPV) propagation are established in terms of the spacetime metric components for general and special cases. Implications of the negative energy density of NPV propagation are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)