We report the discovery and subsequent multiwavelength afterglow behaviour of the high-redshift (z = 4.27) Gamma Ray Burst (GRB) 050505. This burst is the third most-distant burst, measured by spectroscopic redshift, discovered after GRB 000131 (z = 4.50) and GRB 050904 (z = 6.29). GRB 050505 is a long GRB with a multipeaked γ-ray light curve, with a duration of T90 = 63 ± 2 s and an inferred isotropic release in γ-rays of ∼ 4.44 × 1053 erg in the 1-104 keV rest-frame energy range. The Swift X-Ray Telescope followed the afterglow for 14 d, detecting two breaks in the light curve at 7.4-1.5+1.5 and 58.0 -15.4+9.9 ks after the burst trigger. The power-law decay slopes before, between and after these breaks were 0.25-0.17 +0.16, 1-17-0.09+0.08 and 1.97 -0.28+0.27, respectively. The light curve can also be fitted with a 'smoothly broken' power-law model with a break observed at ∼T + 18.5 ks, with decay slopes of ∼0.4 and ∼ 1.8, before and after the break, respectively. The X-ray afterglow shows no spectral variation over the course of the Swift observations, being well fitted with a single power law of photon index ∼1.90. This behaviour is expected for the cessation of the continued energization of the interstellar medium shock, followed by a break caused by a jet, either uniform or structured. Neither break is consistent with a cooling break. The spectral energy distribution, indeed, shows the cooling frequency to be below the X-ray but above the optical frequencies. The optical-X-ray spectrum also shows that there is significant X-ray absorption in excess of that due to our Galaxy but very little optical-ultraviolet extinction, with E(B -V) ≈ 0.10 for a Small Magellanic Cloud like extinction curve.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science