GRB 051022: Physical parameters and extinction of a prototype dark burst

Evert Rol, Alexander Van Der Horst, Klaas Wiersema, Sandeep K. Patel, Andrew Levan, Melissa Nysewander, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Ralph A.M.J. Wijers, Nial Tanvir, Dan Reichart, Andrew S. Fruchter, John Graham, Jan Erik Ovaldsen, Andreas O. Jaunsen, Peter Jonker, Wilbert Van Ham, Jens Hjorth, Rhaana L.C. Starling, Paul T. O'Brien, Johan FynboDavid N. Burrows, Richard Strom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

GRB 051022 was undetected to deep limits in early optical observations, but precise astrometry from radio and X-rays showed that it most likely originated in a galaxy at z ≈ 0.8. We report radio, optical, near-infrared, and X-ray observations of GRB 051022. Using the available X-ray and radio data, we model the afterglow and calculate its energetics, finding it to be an order of magnitude lower than that of the prompt emission. The broadband modeling also allows us to precisely define various other physical parameters and the minimum required amount of extinction to explain the absence of an optical afterglow. Our observations suggest a high extinction, at least 2.3 mag in the infrared (J) and at least 5.4 mag in the optical (U) in the host-galaxy rest frame. Such high extinctions are unusual for GRBs and likely indicate a geometry where our line of sight to the burst passes through a dusty region in the host that is not directly colocated with the burst itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1106
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume669
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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